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safflower oil density

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INCI nomenclature is Carthamus tinctorius. A planting depth between 2.5 and 3.5 cm is optimal. Leaves turn yellow, wilt, turn brown and shrivel. [citation needed] Darker shades are achieved by repeating the dyeing process several times, having the fabric dry, and redyed. Flowering is mainly influenced by daylength. [3] Buds are borne on the ends of branches, and each composite flower head (capitulum) contains 20–180 individual florets. [13] Where lower seeding rates promote branching, a longer flowering period and later maturity and higher rates promote thicker stands with a higher disease incidence. Safflower is a fast growing, erect, winter/spring-growing annual herb, that resembles a thistle. [13] Close rotation with crops susceptible to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum should be avoided (e.g. [13] Safflower growing in soils low in phosphorus need to be fertilized. [11] Shortly before and during maximum flowering water requirements are the highest. In Paper presented at the 7th international safflower conference (Wagga Wagga, NSW), CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Grains Research and Development Corporation, "Food and Feed from Legumes and Oilseeds", "Safflower — production, processing and utilization", "Salt and drought stresses in safflower: a review", "Water use efficiency and crop coefficients of dry season oilseed crops", "Raising the Bar With Better Safflower Agronomy", "Technological Innovations in Major World Oil Crops, Volume 1", "World production of safflower seeds in 2018; World Regions/Crops/Production from pick lists", "Effects of oils and solid fats on blood lipids: a systematic review and network meta-analysis", "APPENDIX B. FATTY ACID COMPOSITION OF DIETARY FATS AND OILS", "Oil Content and Fatty Acid Composition in Seeds of Three Safflower Species", "Characteristics and Oxidative Stability of Some Safflower (Carthamus Tinctorius L.)", "Biochemical characterisation of the seed oils of four safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) varieties grown in north-eastern of Morocco", "Carthamus red; In: Compendium of Food Additive Specifications. Drying can be done similar to sunflower. Articles of Safflower oil are included as well. density 0.921 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.) Don’t plant seeds from affected plants, fungicide treatment of seeds, rotation, resistant cultivar. [citation needed], There are two types of safflower that produce different kinds of oil: one high in monounsaturated fatty acid (oleic acid) and the other high in polyunsaturated fatty acid (linoleic acid). Safflower, Carthamus tinctorius, is a highly branched, herbaceous, thistle-like annual plant. (FAO Food and Nutrition Paper - 52 Add. [9] The deep rooting promotes water and air movement and improves the soil quality for subsequent crops in a rotation. A weed control program is essential when growing safflower as it is a poor competitor with weeds during the rosette stage. A Certificate of Composition which includes a chromatogram is shipped with each product. Infected floral parts will be covered with a gray mold. When temperature and daylength start to increase, the central stem begins to elongate and branch, growing more rapidly. The chosen variety as well as growing conditions influence the extent of branching. "The explanation is that there are two parts of the plant which can be used; the pale seeds and the red florets. Leaves turn darker green than those of healthy plants. It was first cultivated in Mesopotamia, with archaeological traces possibly dating as early as 2500 BC. Severely infected plants die. [8] Additionally, this tolerance can also be explained by the higher water use efficiency compared to other oil crops such as linseed and mustard. Quality evaluation of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) cultivars. Brown spots on the cotyldedones. [13]. [8] In the case of excessive water supply, it is susceptible to root rot. The elongated and serrated leaves reach lengths of 10-15 cm and widths of 2.5-5 cm and run down the stem. It tolerates 40 ° C but there are also some varieties which grow under very low temperatures. [8] Beside drought tolerance, all parts of the plant are sensitive to moisture in terms of diseases. This can be … Early sowing allows more time for developing a large rosette and more extensive branching, which results in a higher yield. [5], For the last fifty years or so, the plant has been cultivated mainly for the vegetable oil extracted from its seeds. It is commercially cultivated for vegetable oil extracted from the seeds and was used by the early Spanish colonies along the Rio Grande as a substitute for saffron. Seeding rate recommendations are around 17 and 33.5 kg/ha of live seed. Safflower oil. [5][27] Carthamin is also known, in the dye industry, as Carthamus Red or Natural Red 26. The first true leaves emerging form a rosette. Flowering commences with terminal flower heads (central stem), followed sequentially by primary, secondary and sometimes tertiary branch flower heads. The period from the end of flowering to maturity is usually 4 weeks. Resistant cultivar, provide good drainage, avoid ponding of water, Gray powdery mass of conidia on leaf surfaces, Hypocotyl and first internode become water-soaked and soft with light brown discoloration. [15], In 2018, global production of safflower seeds was 627,653 tonnes, led by Kazakhstan with 34% of the world total. The total period from sowing to harvest maturity varies with variety, location, sowing time and growing conditions; for June or July sowings, it may be about 26-31 weeks. [12] It stays erect and can retain the seeds in the head. (2008). Just like sunflower oil, it is considered a semidrying oil and has a variety of industrial uses.

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