The filiation of children may be by nature or by adoption. As the father of an illegitimate child, you have the power to change both of your destinies by simply acknowledging (or not acknowledging) that the child is your own. In cases where the father refuses to recognize the child in the Philippines, a DNA test can be demanded and the responsibilities and duties of the parent will then apply upon presentation of written proofs: both the DNA result and the demand letter for support. The father and mother, being the natural guardians of unemancipated children, are duty-bound and entitled to keep them in their custody and company. Here are some of the things you should know about child custody in the Philippines. The Mother has Custody and Parental Authority over an Illegitimate Child (n) Art. According to Article 176 of the Philippine Family Code, a child is considered illegitimate if the child is born out of wedlock, and in such cases, the parental authority and custody of the child fall on the mother. Read More. In this guide, you’ll learn how an illegitimate child can be acknowledged by the father and be entitled to use that father’s surname. The well-being of the child is of paramount importance. 163. The father and mother, being the natural guardians of unemancipated children, are duty-bound and entitled to keep them in their custody and company. The law tends to favor the natural parent (the father) unless the maternal family can prove that he is unfit to be a parent and cannot be granted custody even in the mother’s absence. Under Article 8, Presidential Decree No. Child support and custody are common issues that parents face. Art. The general rule is that children below 7 years old shall remain in the custody of the mother. But he will need to prove that he is the father via paternity test or other means. Natural filiation may be legitimate or illegitimate. When it comes to the shared right of husband and wife, custody and parental authority remain unclear. When the property of the child is worth more than two thousand pesos, the father or the mother shall be considered guardian of the child's property, with the duties and obligations of guardians under this rules, and shall file the petition required by section 2 hereof. The child’s biological father has every right and can claim custody and sole parental authority over the child. The Family Code provides that such illegitimate child may file a petition to establish his filiation with his father during the lifetime of the father. In case of disagreement, the father's decision shall prevail, unless there is a judicial order to the contrary. Custodial right to an illegitimate child. The “Unclaimed” Love Child. 209. 164. This is the case even if the father of the child has recognized the latter. 209 Articles 1 – 162 | Articles 163 – 257 THE FAMILY CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES TITLE VI PATERNITY AND FILIATION Chapter 1. Both rules, however, do have exceptions. However, insofar as illegitimate children are concerned, Article 176 of the Family Code states that illegitimate children shall be under the parental authority of their mother. Under Article 8, Presidential Decree No. However, the father has a right of access (known as visitation rights) to the child. She cannot therefore be deprived of the child’s custody unless she is not fit to exercise such authority and care. If a child is born out of wedlock, the child is considered as illegitimate under the parental authority of the mother. The father will only be denied his visitation right if such meetings between father and child are deemed detrimental to the child’s well-being. What does the Family Code of the Philippines tell you about parental authority and guardianship? 603 or the Child and Youth Welfare Code , the child's welfare is always the paramount consideration in all questions concerning his care and custody. This article will teach you how to wield this power by discussing the legal procedures involved in acknowledging an illegitimate child in the Philippines. In the case of child custody, the courts take a look into several factors to deem who is the more worthy parent to exercise parental authority: the mother or the father. How to Acknowledge an Illegitimate Child in the Philippines. The Supreme Court has always stated that the welfare of the minors is the controlling consideration on any issue involving custody of children. 211. However, under Article 176 of the Family Code, illegitimate children are under the parental authority of the mother. Art. You will find this in Article 176 of the Family Code of the Philippines. He can use pieces of evidence to prove that the father has recognized him as his biological child such as photos, letters and testimonies of people. Yes, definitely. EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 603 or the Child and Youth Welfare Code, the child's welfare is always the paramount consideration in all questions concerning his care and custody. Legal Liability Child custody is one of the consequences of parental authority. In child custody controversies in the Philippines, the U.S. Embassy can attempt to locate the child, monitor his or her welfare upon the request of a parent, and furnish a list of local attorneys. This is a … At the same time, parental authority covers the right and duty of a parent to bring up the minor (below 18 years old), and cannot be renounced or transferred except in cases as allowed by the … For one, the father of an illegitimate child must have the right to access his child (visitation right). Children conceived or born […] The father and the mother shall jointly exercise parental authority over the persons of their common children. The father of an illegitimate child has the power to change both of their destinies by simply acknowledging (or not acknowledging) that the child is his own. Legitimate Children Art. As a general rule, if the child is illegitimate, the father only has visitorial rights over his child. The law also states that illegitimate children shall be under the parental authority of the mother. Parental authority of an illegitimate child belongs to the mother and this includes her right to have the custody of her illegitimate child.